Summary: The World Economic Forum released on Wednesday, November 1st, its 2017 Global Gender Gap Report in which Rwanda ranked fourth globally (from fifth last year) and first in Africa in closing gender gap. The report indicates that Rwanda continues its steady climb since first entering the Index and has now closed 82% of its overall gender gap. This is mostly due to continued progress on economic participation and opportunity subindex score, on the back of improved parity in estimated earned income and, particularly, a significant narrowing of gender gap in the number of women in ministerial positions. Besides, combined with being the country with the highest share of female parliamentarians in the world (61%), Rwanda advances five spots on the political empowerment subindex, where it now ranks third globally.
Note: The Global Gender Gap Report benchmarks 144 countries on their progress towards gender parity in four areas:
Economic participation and opportunity – salaries, participation and leadership
Education – access to basic and higher levels of education
Political empowerment – representation in decision-making structures
Health and survival – life expectancy and sex ratio
Key highlights on Rwanda’s performance:
- No country in the world has
fully closed its gender gap, but four out of the five Nordiccountries and, for the first time this year, one countryeach from the Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and theCaribbean and Eastern Europe and Central Asia regions —Rwanda, Nicaragua and Slovenia— have closed more than
80% of theirs. (P8)
- On the economic participation and opportunity subindex, 13 countries (two more than last year), including six from Sub-Saharan Africa—Burundi, Benin, Botswana, Rwanda, Namibia and Guinea—and two Nordic countries—Norway and Sweden—have closed more than 80% of their gap. (P8)
- On the political empowerment subindex, only
Iceland has closed more than 70% of its gender gap. Whileno other country has currently closed more than 60%of its gender gap, four countries—Nicaragua, Rwanda,Norway and Finland—have crossed the 50% threshold.
- Rwanda has also fully closed its health and survival gender gap for the first time, although its educational attainment gender gap remains open. (P14)
- Botswana and Lesotho have fully closed their educational attainment gender gaps and seven others—Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Mauritius, Rwanda, Kenya and Burundi—have fully closed their health and survival gender gaps. (P23)
- The Sub-Saharan Africa is characterized by high female
labour force participation—with nine countries from the regionin the global top 20 on this indicator, andMozambique, Burundi, Malawi and Rwandademonstratinga higher representation of women in the labour force thanmen. (P23)
- Rwanda consolidates its position as the region’s
top performer, and the only country from the region rankedin the global top 10.
Full report (PDF) available here: