- The World Bank published on Wednesday, October 11 its 2017 Africa’s Pulse Report, a bi-annual analysis of the state of African economies in which it indicated that economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa is recovering at a modest pace, and is projected to pick up to 2.4% in 2017 from 1.3% in 2016. A rate which is below the forecast of 2.6% that was estimated by the previous edition of the report published in April this year.
This sixteenth edition of the Africa’s Pulse Report dedicated a special section to skills development in Sub-Saharan Africa.
It indicates that the region has invested heavily in building skills and increasing public expenditure on education, and while there have been some impressive achievements, the region continues to have the least skilled workforce in the world.
Key highlights about Rwanda
- Drought has taken a toll on economic activity in Kenya, and in Rwanda, growth has slowed as the country adjusts to economic imbalances. (P10)
- Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to resilient countries declined slightly, from 2.7 percent of GDP in 2010–13, to 2.5 percent in 2015– 16—despite rising FDI flows into Ethiopia and Rwanda. (P24)
- Entrepreneurship education in secondary schooling is nascent, although programs such as Educate! in Rwanda and Uganda can be a model in this area. Training programs for the self-employed remain limited in scope and with significant design and implementation issues. (P50)
- In several countries, many children still lack adequate access to primary school. Many still live too far from schools. In Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, and Rwanda, half or more of the children live more than 2 kilometers from the nearest primary school and must walk at least a half hour. The currently recommended norm is a maximum distance of 1 km or 15 minutes. (P56)
- In countries like Benin, Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Lesotho, Rwanda, and Togo, 15 to more than 25 percent of children repeat a grade in primary school. (P56)
- On average, about 30 percent of formal sector firms in Sub-Saharan Africa provide on the-job training, compared with 35 percent of firms in the rest of the world. The percentage of firms offering training varies from 9 percent in Sudan to as high as 55 percent in Rwanda. (P65)
- On average, there is less cost sharing in Africa at the tertiary level than in other regions, but some countries have tried to move progressively from free higher education toward cost-sharing arrangements. Kenya, Mauritania, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, and Tanzania have implemented means-tested support. (P75)
- Most financing of public TVET and higher education in the region is done on a historical basis, based on inputs (number of staff or salaries), enrollment (for example, cost per student, as in the case of higher education in Kenya and Rwanda). (P76)
- TVET needs to gear more toward preparing workers for nonwage employment, outside the manufacturing sector. Promising programs, such as Educate! in Rwanda and Uganda, are introducing entrepreneurship, work readiness skills, and experiential applied teaching methodologies in secondary schools. (P77)