- The 2017 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG), launched on Monday, 20th June 2017 by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation ranked Rwanda 9th out of the top ten scoring African countries in 2016 that have improved in overall governance since 2007.
- The index which assessed 54 African countries, reveals that the continent’s overall governance trajectory remains positive on average, but in recent years has moved at a slower pace.
However, over the same period, Africa’s annual average rate of improvement in overall governance has slowed.Of the 40 countries improving in overall governance during the last decade, more than half (22) have either doneso at a slower pace in the last five years (i.e. Rwanda and Ethiopia) or show decline (i.e. Mauritius, Cameroon andAngola).
The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) is a tool thatmeasures and monitors governance performance in African countries.Itdefines governance as the provisionof the political, social and economic public goods and servicesthat every citizen has the right to expect from their state, andthat a state has the responsibility to deliver to its citizens.
was established in 2006 with a focus on the critical importance of leadership and governance in Africa, by providing tools to assess and support progress in leadership and governance. It provides an annual assessment of the quality of governance in African countries and is the most comprehensive collection of data on African governance.
- In the IIAG, country performance in delivering governance is measured across four key components that effectively provide indicators of a country’s overall governance performance. The key components are: Safety & Rule of Law, Participation & Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development.
Key highlights about Rwanda:
- Since the start of the IIAG time series (2000), Rwanda is the only country in Africa to show year-on-year improvement of their overall governance score. No country registers year-on-year decline. (P11)
- In overall governance, 13 countries are improving at a slower rate in the last five years than they have in the last ten. Rwanda, the fourth most improved country on the continent over the decade, with an average annual increase of +0.97 points, has slowed down to a +0.75 average annual increase in the last five years. (P20)
- Safety & rule of law is the only governance category showing deterioration over the last ten years: Twelve countries — Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé & Príncipe, Seychelles and South Africa — are ‘bouncing back’, registering a positive trend in the last five years although this doesn’t allow them to fully change their ten-year negative trajectory. (P29)
- Africa’s average score for political refugees has also declined at an accelerated pace in the last five years but again this is due to the magnitude of decline of a minority of countries. Burundi and South Sudan, still in crisis, drop by more than -70.0 points. Rwanda also falls by -37.3 points. (P40)
- In participation & human rights category (2007-2016), ten countries — Tunisia, Malawi, Uganda, Liberia, Nigeria,Togo, Rwanda, Guinea, Gabon and Congo — register ‘slowing improvement’. (P48)
- Gender equality and women in the judiciary register an overall decline over the decade which worsens over the last five years. In the former, large and increasing declines in Guinea-Bissau, Eritrea, Mauritania and Mali outweigh the notable gains made in countries like Zimbabwe and Rwanda. (P57)
- Rather concerning is the fact that almost half of the ten highest scoring countries in sustainable economic opportunity are registering ‘slowing improvement’: Mauritius (1st), Rwanda (3rd),
Seychelles (5th) and Cabo Verde (8th). Rwanda, the fourth largest improver over the past ten years (an average annual rate of +1.20), slows down to nearly half that rate over the past five years (+0.68). (P66)
- For many secondtier economies, such as Côte d’Ivoire, Kenya, Rwanda, Senegal and Togo, recent economic performance has been solid enough to tell a very positive story. (P77)
- Regarding the regional integration indicator which is included for the first time in the IIAG in 2017, at the country level, Uganda, Rwanda and Burkina Faso present the highest scores in 2016 (100.0, 93.8 and 87.5, respectively). The positive results of Uganda and Rwanda, together with Kenya, which ranks 7th with a score of 81.3 in 2016, are the main drivers behind the performance of the EAC in this indicator. (P76)
- On average, the African continent has shown strong improvement in the category of human development both over the last ten years (+4.4 points) and the most recent five years (+1.3 points). Twenty countries maintain a positive trajectory over the decade, but at a slower average rate over the last five years. For Malawi and São Tomé & Príncipe, rates of improvement have slowed by more than ten times their longer-term rates of improvement. Mozambique, Rwanda and Zambia, have dropped to less than half their ten-year average rates. (P86)
- Over the last decade the African continent has managed to gain +3.6 points in education. Driving the indicator average slowdown are large recent declines in countries such as São Tomé & Príncipe (-22.5 in total) and Rwanda (-7.9 in total), which had progressed over the decade. (P91)
- 2017 IIAG Rwanda Scores, Ranks & Trends (See P146)
- The full report (PDF) is available here.