World Health Statistics 2008 presents the most recent available health statistics for WHO’s 193 Member States. This fourth edition includes 10 highlights of health statistics as well as data on an expanded set of over 70 key health indicators. The indicators were selected on the basis of their relevance to global health monitoring and considerations of data availability, accuracy and comparability among Member States. World Health Statistics 2008 has been collated from publications and databases produced by WHO’s technical programmes and regional offices, as well as from publicly accessible databases. The data on inequalities in health care coverage and health outcome are primarily derived from analyses of household surveys and are available only for a limited number of countries. It is anticipated that the number of countries reporting disaggregated data will increase during the next few years. Nevertheless, even in their current limited form, the data will be useful for the global public health community.
Key Highlights of the report on Rwanda
- Life expectancy at birth(both sexes) in 2006: 52 years
- Health Life Expectancy(both sexes) in 2002: 38 years
- Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 live births) in 2004: 48 deaths per 1000 live births.
- Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) in 2005: 1300 deaths per 100,000 live births.
- Cause-specific mortality rate (per 100 000 population):
HIV/AIDS in 2005: 232 deaths/100, 000
TB among HIV negative people in 2006: 54 deaths/ 100,000
TB among HIV positive people in 2006: 75 deaths/100,000
- Age-standardized mortality rates by cause (per 100 000 population) in 2002:
- Antenatal care coverage (%) at least 4 visits in 2006: 13%
- Births attended by skilled health personnel (%) in 2006: 28%
9.Births by caesarean section (%) 2002-2006: 3%
- Neonates protected at birth against neonatal tetanus (PAB) (%) in 2006: 82%
- Immunization coverage among 1–year–olds (%)
- Access to improved drinking water sources(%) in 2006: 65%
- Access to improved sanitation (%) in 2006: 23%
- Health Workforce:
Number of physicians (2000-2006): 432
Nursing and midwifery personnel (2000-2006): 3647
Dentistry personnel (2000-2006): 21
Pharmaceutical personnel (2000-2006): 271
- Total expenditure on health as % of gross domestic product in 2005: 7.2%