15th Umushyikirano | 18 – 19 December 2017
The 15th edition of the National Umushyikirano Council took place from 18 to 19 December 2017 at the Kigali Convention Centre.
Umushyikirano is a forum for national dialogue provided for by the Constitution where Rwandans gather to assess issues related to the state of the nation, functioning of the decentralized structures, and national unity. Over the past 15 years, Umushyikirano has made important contributions to national building. Some examples of transformational ideas and contributions have included; Umwalimu SACCO, Abunzi (mediation committees) and Girinka. This year’s Umushyikirano convenes at the beginning of a new seven-year Presidential mandate. It also takes place following elaboration of the Seven-Year Government Program (National Strategy for Transformation), a plan focused on improvement of the quality of life of Rwandans.
Topic 1: National Strategy for Transformation The National Strategy for Transformation reinforces Rwandan’s choices over the last decade, builds on lessons learnt and anticipates future challenges. The plan will broaden and deepen the process of transformation by elevating the quality of life for Rwandans. This session will present a snapshot of where Rwanda is headed over the next several years. There will be in-depth discussions on shared goals and ambitions including reflection of programs such as universal access to quality healthcare, improved nutrition, education, employment, sustained security, modern housing and settlements.
Topic 2: Values for Prosperity The National Strategy for Transformation hinges on values that promote economic and social progress, including self-reliance and self-determination, dignity, unity and Rwandan identity, community participation, transparency and openness, as well as innovation and national stability. Also needed is a common understanding of what is required to maximize early human development efforts as anchored in the Early Childhood Development Program. This includes values that promote issues such as hygiene and nutrition. Umushyikirano | #Umushyikirano2017
Topic 3: Youth at the Center of Transformation Young Rwandans between 16-30 years old represent 27% of the population while those between 0-15 years represent 42%. Rwanda’s youth are tomorrow’s entrepreneurs, active citizens and leaders. Equipping and engaging young people effectively to accelerate growth and create prosperity is key to achieving transformation. The economic contribution of young Rwandans will depend on the skills they possess to compete in the labor market and participate in Rwanda’s transformational agenda. For this to happen, young people must be able to access quality education and employment opportunities. Patriotism and active involvement in nation building, including political awareness and participation, are critical elements in nurturing the mindset and shared vision for transformation, and safeguarding the gains Rwanda has registered in recent years. Young people will lead this panel discussion. Expected outcomes include; common understanding of young people’s skills and capacities to actively participate in leadership roles, awareness of interventions required to create jobs and drive youth employment.
From these topics and the discussions that took place, a total of 8 resolutions were passed.
1. Gukomeza gushyiraho ingamba n’impinduka za ngombwa
zigamije kuzamura ireme ry’uburezi mu byiciro byose by’uburezi, gusuzuma ingengabihe y’amashuri, kunoza imyigishirize y’ indimi, kongera amashuri yigisha iby’ubumenyi n’ubumenyingiro no gukomeza kurwanya impamvu zose zituma abana bata ishuri.
2. Kongera ibikorwa remezo no kurushaho kubaka ubushobozi bw’abakora mu rwego rw’ubuvuzi, gushyira imbaraga mu guhangana n’ibyorezo bitandukanye ndetse no kurushaho gutanga serivisi nziza;
3. Kurushaho gukangurira ababyeyi no kubaha ubumenyi mu mbonezamikurire y’abana bato, kwita cyane cyane ku mirire myiza, isuku no kurushaho guteza imbere amarerero y’abana.
4. Kurushaho gukorana n’abikorera kugira ngo inganda n’abaturage babashe kubona amashanyarazi ku giciro gihendutse mu rwego rwo korohereza ishoramari;
5. Kongera ubukangurambaga mu kwizigamira no kurushaho gufasha ishoramari ry’ibikorerwa imbere mu Gihugu (Made in Rwanda, Start in Rwanda, Grow in Rwanda and Beyond) mu rwego rwo guhanga no kunoza umurimo ndetse no kugabanya icyuho hagati y’ibitumizwa n’ibyoherezwa mu mahanga.
6. Gukomeza gusigasira indangagaciro zishingiye ku muco wacu no kurushaho kuzitoza abakiri bato n’abanyarwanda batuye mu mahanga kugirango zidufashe kwihuta mu iterambere;
7. Gukomeza gushimangira ubufatanye hagati y’inzego za Leta, ababyeyi, sosiyete sivile n’imiryango ishingiye ku madini n’amatorero mu kurushaho kwigisha ururimi rw’Ikinyarwanda bihereye mu muryango, mu mashuri, mu biganiro bitangwa mu bitangazamakuru, kandi abanyarwanda b’ingeri zose bagahugukira kwiga, kumenya no gukoresha neza Ikinyarwanda.
8. Gushyiraho gahunda y’urugerero ruciye ingando kugira ngo urubyiruko rurusheho gukora imirimo ruri hamwe.
14th Umushyikirano | 15 – 16 December 2016
The 14th edition of the National Umushyikirano Council took place from 15 to 16 December 2016 at the Kigali Convention Centre. Themed "Shaping together the Rwanda We Want" it aimed at taking stock of Rwanda’s achievements registered in the last few years, Rwandan values, and a common vision.
Panel One: Rwanda's Achievements: "A Product of Unity and Unconventional Solutions"
Over the past two decades, Rwanda has registered unprecedented social and economic transformation in all spheres of life. Rwanda’s growth is due to clear policies and strategies which have resulted into significant decrease in poverty rates from 58.9% in 2001 to 39% in 2013 while extreme poverty was reduced from 40% to 16% in the same period.
The successful implementation of social programs and other government programs is a result of visionary leadership, shared vision and collaboration between leadership and citizens. The topic seeks to highlight Rwanda’s development agenda through concrete examples and demonstrate how citizens and leaders have worked together.
It is expected that the cross cutting discussions on this topic enhance the Unity and Reconciliation of Rwandans, increase citizens’ commitment to protect and safeguard the current achievements; enhance knowledge on key government programs and Home Grown Solutions that transformed the lives of Rwandans; articulate the central role of leadership in enhancing Rwanda’s Brand and in the country’s development and increase an understanding that a shared vision is instrumental to any success and determination of the country’s future.
Panel Two: The Rwanda We Want -U Rwanda Twifuza
The topic provides a snapshot of where citizens want to be as Rwandans (Vision 2050 under preparation) and stress the importance of Rwandan values that underpin ambitious vision and underscore the imperative for continuity.
Overall, the expected outcomes from this topic include; a clear and shared understanding of the importance of visionary leadership as a driver to future social and economic development; awareness on Rwandan values that will facilitate achieve vision and an increased citizen participation in finding solutions to emerging challenges.
Rwanda’s vision encapsulates universal access to improved living standards, sustained food security, protection of the Rwandan family, universal access to quality services in health, education, finance, housing, energy, infrastructure etc.
From these topics and the discussions that took place, a total of 12 resolutions were passed.
- Kugena igihe ntarengwa u Rwanda ruzagera ku rwego rwo kwihaza mu ngengo y’imari, dushingiye ku cyerekezo 2050, twongera umurego mu gukora cyane, kubazwa ibyo dukora (accountability), no kunoza imikoranire hagati y’inzego zose (sectoral coordination).
- Gukomeza kwubaka ubudasa bw’u Rwanda bushingiye ku miyoborere myiza dukomeza kwihitiramo no gushyigikira ubuyobozi butubereye kandi bufite icyerekezo (visionary leadership), no gukomeza umuco wo kwishakamo ibisubizo, kuwumenyekanisha no kuwuhererekanya mu badukomokaho.
- Gushimangira ubufatanye hagati y’Inzego za Leta, ababyeyi, abarezi, abikorera, sosiyete sivile n’imiryango ishingiye ku madini mu kurushaho kubaka Umuryango nyarwanda.
- Gushyira imbaraga mu kongerera agaciro ibikorerwa mu Rwanda no kubishakira amasoko mu Rwanda no mu mahanga.
- Gukomeza kunoza imitangire ya serivisi mu nzego za Leta no mu bikorera, abahabwa serivisi mbi bakabyanga kandi bakabigaragariza ababishinzwe kugirango bikosorwe;
- Gushyiraho no gushyigikira gahunda y’Urunana rw’Urungano mu Turere twose tw’Igihugu no kugeza gahunda y’Itorero ry’Igihugu mu byiciro byose by’Abanyarwanda harimo abakuze baba mu mahanga n’abafite n’ubumuga.
- Gutegura neza imishinga minini yo kuhira imyaka cyane cyane mu Turere twa Nyagatare, Gatsibo, Kayonza na Kirehe.
- Gushaka uburyo bwo kwegereza ibiro by’itora Abanyarwanda batuye mu mahanga.
- Gukomeza gusigasira no kurinda ubumwe bw’Abanyarwanda turwanya ingengabitekerezo ya Jenoside by’umwihariko mu rubyiruko.
- Gukomeza gushyira imbaraga mu guhangana n’ibikorwa bibera mu muhanga bigamije gupfobya no guhakana Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi.
- Gukora ubushakashatsi bugamije kumenya mu buryo bwimbitse ikibazo cy’ihungabana mu bacitse ku icumu rya Jenoside kugirango gifatirwe ingamba zihamye.
- Gushakira umuti ukwiye inzitizi zibangamira irangizwa ry’imanza zisigaye zaciwe n’inkiko Gacaca ku mitungo yangijwe mu gihe cya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi.
13th Umushyikirano | 21 – 22 December 2015
The National Dialogue Council (NDC) is provided for by the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda. The NDC is a Rwandan home grown initiative which offers a forum where His Excellency the President, along with national leaders and citizens debate issues relating to the state of the nation, the state of local government and national unity.
The 13th National Dialogue Council convenes following the Constitutional Referendum that marked renewed self-determination of the people of Rwanda to shape their destiny. It has provided an opportunity for Rwandans to articulate their choices for the future they want, towards the achievement of globally endorsed goals.
B. Theme: “Rwandans ‘Choices – Foundation of National Development and Dignity”
In the aftermath of the Genocide against the Tutsi, Rwandans made tough choices that have allowed to rebuild the nation. Rwandans chose unity, security and good governance as key ingredients for development. As a result, Rwanda has registered tremendous political and socio-economic transformation over the past 21 years. The sustainability of our achievements will largely depend on the choices we make today, our ability to uphold them and ensure what we choose is effectively translated into actions. In addition, a new set of global development aspirations aimed yet at ensuring better quality of lives for all was approved recently. The National Dialogue has provided an opportunity for Rwandans to learn about new global goals, integrate them into their own vision and commit to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Topics for Discussion
Topic 1: Rwanda: A Nation defined by her Peoples’ Choices
Individually and collectively, Rwandans made choices in difficult circumstances, as the only way to respond to the uniqueness of the challenges faced by the country. This session will mainly focus on re-articulating key choices made by Rwandans, and showing how these choices have re-invented the Rwandan nation. Rwandans chose to stay together as one, and crafted a political system based on consensus and dialogue. This has allowed Rwandans to regain faith in themselves, restore peace and security as well as trust in fellow citizens and leaders.
Rwandans made choices in a particular regional and global context and were able to uphold their choices despite sustained international pressure. To implement big choices, innovative programs and actions were devised. These programs, many of which are home grown initiatives, have delivered results and transformed lives.
The session will be an opportunity to discuss what is required for Rwandans to sustain past achievements, and propel the country to the next level.
A short video will introduce the session, featuring people from all walks of life who made choices that transformed their lives and that of their communities. Thereafter, selected speakers will speak to key choices made by Rwandans in the past 20 years followed by an open discussion.
Topic 2: Scaling up Citizens’ Participation and Innovations for Development
Participation of and ownership by citizens have proven to be critical success factors in pushing forward the implementation of development programs in Rwanda and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The session will provide a platform to discuss where we are, the future we want, including the commitment to achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. It will briefly present the meaning and aspirations of the globally endorsed goals in Rwanda’s specific context and discuss how citizens should step up their participation and engagement to shape the country’s future through bottom-up inspired policies and leadership across multiple sectors to ensure achievement of the SDGs.
From these topics and the discussions that took place, a total of 13 resolutions were passed.
- To design Vision 2050 aimed at increasing economic development that will enable Rwandans to attain self-reliance.
- To safeguard the achievements of Gacaca Courts, preserve other physical evidence of the genocide against Tutsi including genocide memorial sites and document the history of genocide against Tutsi in different Districts and in Public, Private and Religious Institutions.
- To enhance the implementation of Ndi Umunyarwanda Programme and other initiatives aimed at healing trauma caused by the Rwanda’s dark history to embrace patriotism and solidarity for Rwanda’s development.
- To timely address citizens’ requests and enhance citizenery participation in planning, monitoring and implementation of their own development programs.
- Rwanda Governance Board (RGB) and Rwanda Development Baord (RDB) to improve coordination and monitoring of service delivery in both public and private institutions.
- To stregnthen the implementation, regular monitoring and evaluation of home grown initiatives such as Girinka, Umuganda and other pro-poor programs.
- To promote trade in goods and services between Rwanda and the rest of the world, especially with African countries.
- To put in place a strong mechanism to debunk distorted information about Rwanda and portray the real image of Rwanda based on choices of the Rwandans.
- To fast-track the implementation of strategies aimed at preventing and fighting against malaria spreading in some Districts.
- To instil the culture of saving (including saving for retirement) among Rwandans, to promote the use of local products (made in Rwanda) and increase agricultural productivity for export.
- To construct the road connecting Kabaya Health Centre to the main road by June 2016, expedite the study and construction of Cyanika- Musanze- Ngororero Road and start construction works of Ngoma- Bugesera – Nyanza Road.
- To definitevely address the issue of delay in disbursement of students’ loan and bursary.
To put in place strategies to promote Kinyarwanda and Rwandan cultural values and teach them in schools at all levels (primary, secondary and higher learning institutions).
12th Umushyikirano | 18-19 December 2014
12th National Dialogue Council was held on 18-19 December, 2014 in Parliament building. The 12th NDC was organized under the theme “Common Vision, New Momentum” and was attended by more than 1,000 participants.
Umushyikirano coincided with the meeting of the Advisory Council of the National Commission for the Fight against Genocide and the Youth Connekt Convention. The latter brought together more than 2000 youths who participated in the National Dialogue Council from the National Stadium through live web-streaming. Two remote sites in the Districts of Gakenke and Rutsiro were also covered and more than 900 people participated in the Dialogue through web-streaming.
The following topics were discussed during the 12th National Dialogue Council:
- Family: Foundation for National Prosperity
- Safeguarding our achievements: shaping a better future
- Preventing Genocide, Fighting Denial of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi
Each presentation was followed by discussions that involved participants in the conference room, the youths gathered at the National Stadium, live phone calls, short telephone messages and social media platforms such as Facebook and twitter. Umushyikirano website (www.umushyikirano.gov.rw) was also established for live streaming of the proceedings of the meeting. AskGov platform that centralizes and displays all messages from Twitter, Facebook and SMS provided people with access to internet to actively participate in the Dialogue by sending their contributions, observations or questions.
During the 12th National Dialogue Council, Twenty (20) resolutions were taken:
- To expedite the implementation of the three (3) resolutions of the previous National Dialogue Council that were not fully implemented so that they are completed by FY 2014/2015.
- To mobilize all Rwandans to play an active role in protecting and preserving our achievements and strengthen the programs that uphold unity and security as the foundation for Rwanda’s sustainable development.
- To encourage all Rwandans to ensure professionalism, increase productivity and make efficient use of working hours.
- To improve service delivery in both public and private institutions and encourage people to report on poor services provided.
- To senzitize Rwandans on the culture of saving their money in banks and financial institutions.
- To fast track the development programs of the 6 secondary cities by linking them with industrialization policy, infrastructure and other development activities.
- To revisit District Performance Contracts /Imihigo basing on their potentialities and with emphasis on activities that bring about positive change on development, citizens welfare and job creation.
- To enhance dialogue between Local Government entities and the citizens, improve performance of citizens fora and empower mediation committees to timely address citizens’ complaints without waiting for visits by His Excellency the President of the Republic.
- To establish partnership between Government and Parents to improve school feeding program in Nine and Twelve Year Basic Education (9-12YBE); particularly children from the most vulnerable families under Ubudehe category 1.
- To improve the quality of education through construction of Laboratory facilities in the Twelve Year Basic Education (12 YBE), especially in science and technology schools without laboratories.
- To include in performance contracts of local Government entities, the follow up of the implementation of Households Performance Contracts.
- To enhance sensitisation of all Rwandans to denounce and report to the concerned organs cases of child abuse and to devise appropriate mechanisms to collect evidence on violence crimes.
- To strengthen strategies to prevent and fight against domestic conflicts, family dislocation and to analyse their root causes so as to solve them.
- To senzitize all Rwandans to strive for their healthy living with emphasis on balanced diet and proper hygiene.
- To strengthen strategies to fight against use and distribution of illicit drugs among the youth, human trafficking, violence against children by amending related laws so as to provide for heavier penalties against criminals, to eradicate vagrancy and underage marriage.
- To strengthen measures to address denial and revisionism of the Genocide against the Tutsi.
- To expedite the execution of judgements rendered by Gacaca Courts on assets/property damaged during the Genocide against the Tutsi.
- To put in place appropriate measures on the issue of abusive requests for revisions of judgments rendered by Gacaca Courts.
- To sensitize the general public on trauma issues through CHWs programs and media.
- To strengthen mechanisms for sustainable preservation of proof and evidence of Genocide against the Tutsi.
11th Umushyikirano | 6 - 7 December 2013
The 11th National Dialogue Council was held in Kigali from 6th to 7th December 2013 under the theme “Building Rwandan spirit for Sustainable Development”. It was attended by more than 1,000 participants in the Parliament building. It was also followed by 2,000 youths who were gathered in remote sites via video transmission at Amahoro stadium, Huye and Ngoma Districts. The two days’ meeting was followed online by a big number of people who sent 9,123 comments and questions through tweets, facebook posts, SMS, emails, and calls.
During the 11th National Dialogue Council, the following three presentations were made:
The status of the national development to-date and the journey to self-reliance: This topic focused on Rwanda’s achievement towards development in all sectors of the Nation. It showed how home grown initiatives and community-based solutions have contributed to economic growth that averages 8.2% over the last 5 years and the reduction in poverty from 56.7% to 44.9% between 2006 and 2011.
- Increased productivity and private sector growth: The topic presented key priority programs to develop appropriate skills, attitudes and competencies to allow Rwandans, especially the youth, to become more productive for the Private Sector growth and competitiveness.
- “Ndi Umunyarwanda” program: Striving to preserve Rwandan Spirit: The topic provided a platform for sharing ideas on how to promote the Rwandan spirit (Ubunyarwanda) as a pillar for durable unity and sustainable development.
Twenty six (26) resolutions were taken under the following pillars : Economy, Governance, Justice and Social Welfare
Under the economy pillar, the following resolutions were taken:
- To improve awareness of services delivered by the Business Development Fund (BDF) and strengthen its human and financial capacity to be able to provide guarantee to more clients especially women and youth;
- To mobilize investors, especially Rwandan investors to operate under grouped investment in order to increase their productivity capacity;
- To sensitize Rwandans about the operations of Capital Market and its benefits;
- To promote the culture of savings and self-reliance among Rwandans by instilling, especially in the youth, the culture of undertaking any job that can foster their development rather than depending on Government and their families;
- To develop strategies to sensitize Rwandans (on the culture of being economical by avoiding unnecessary expenditures such as costly weddings and promoting the use of locally made products instead of imported ones);
- To encourage and facilitate Rwandans living abroad to open saving accounts in Rwandan banks;
- To sensitize Rwandans, especially farmers and business people to optimally use and increase the number of working hours;
- To put in place measures to eradicate the bad practices of tax evasion especially in the informal sector;
- To expedite the establishment of the Union of Imirenge SACCOs in a bid to enhance their capacity to improve the livelihoods of their beneficiaries;
- To expedite the establishment of the National Investment Trust;
- To put in place sustainable strategies that enable Business Development centers (BDCs)/ telecentres to operate efficiently and effectively.
In governance, the following resolutions were taken:
- To improve the organization and execution of community work (Umuganda) so that its outcome enhances development, by valuating its contribution on the basis of the work done; in particular, community work should be used for the maintenance of feeder roads (Imihanda y’imigenderano) to keep them in good conditions;
- To put in place sustainable strategies to communicate Rwanda’s good achievements and rebut publishers of misleading indicators about Rwanda;
- To integrate Ndi Umunyarwanda in all school programs;
- To develop strategies aimed at reducing the number of meetings held in different public institutions to allow leaders to have ample time for work and quality service delivery.
Under Justice, it was recommended to put in place strong measures to prosecute and punish those who mismanage public funds was taken.
Under Social Welfare, the following resolutions were taken;
- To support organs of Rwandans living abroad in order to promote Rwandan cultural values among youth;
- To speed up the establishment of the Maternity Insurance Fund taking into account the particularities of public servants and private sector workers;
- To devise strategies as to how pension benefits can be regularly updated;
- To streamline the internship program for graduates from higher learning institutions and university to increase their hands-on skills;
- To speed up the establishment of career centers and career guidance/talents detection right in schools;
- To streamline the volunteerism program for different categories of Rwandans to help the Country attain self-reliance;
- To streamline and put in place sustainable mechanisms to allow timely payment of teachers’ salaries so as to avoid penalties for late payment on those paying loans through their salaries;
- To develop a special mechanism, in accordance with the respective laws on pension law and inheritance, on how eligible inheritors can access pension benefits left behind by RSSB contributors who die and are not survived by any immediate beneficiary
10th Umushyikirano | 13-14 December 2012
The 10th National Dialogue Council was held under the theme “Agaciro: Aiming for self reliance”. Around 1000 people attended the event including leaders from government, representatives from the private sector and Rwandans from all walks of life, including those living abroad. The following presentations were delivered at the event:
- Promoting Principles and Values of Self-Reliance in Rwanda
- EDPRS 2 Towards Achieving Self Reliance
- Enhancing Domestic Saving Mechanisms Towards Self-reliance
- Prosperity for Generations Agaciro Development Fund
- Strategic Skills Development and Youth Employment
From these presentations and the discussions that took place, the following 23 resolutions were passed:
- 1. Leaders from all institutions, public, private, civil society and religious organizations must continue to sensitize Rwandans that self-reliance/self determination is fought for, it is a struggle that we have to engage in and know that the cost of not striving for it is much higher than that of striving for it;
- 2. Rwandans to uphold the following values to help us to attain dignity and self-reliance: integrity, discipline including proper time management, quality work along with excellent service delivery, value any kind of work and work in harmony with others as a way to achieve self-reliance and dignity;
- 3. In the electricity rollout program, MININFRA/EWSA were requested to connect people living in grouped settlements which are near hydroelectric power plants first;
- 4. Within the deadline not exceeding January 2013, MININFRA/EWSA must put in place a cash power subscription payment method based on capacity payment of subscribers’ categories;
- 5. MINEDUC/UMWALIMU SACCO were requested to develop a plan by no later than January 2013 to expedite distribution of loans to teachers who want them;
- 6. MININFRA was requested to accelerate compensation of people’s property that was damaged during the construction of Musanze- Rubavu road and elsewhere in the country;
- 7. MINAGRI/RAB must improve their collaboration with seed multipliers and verify whether seed distributors are paid without any delays and obstacles;
- 8. MINEDUC, MINECOFIN and decentralized administrative entities were requested to put in place mechanism for paying arrears owed to people who built 9 and 12 YBE classrooms as soon as possible and inform them of these modalities;
- 9. MINALOC and MINISANTE were requested to review carefully the categorisation of mutual health insurance subscribers to ensure that every resident belongs to his/her right category;
- 10. MINEDUC was requested to explain to Rwandans, not later than the school year 2013, the criteria for selecting sections and how schools are authorized to choose these sections;
- 11. MINEDUC was requested to include values (to be upheld by Rwandans) in curricula and start teaching them as of the school year 2013;
- 12. RDB was requested to decentralize security registration services and provide the explanations of this to the population; RNP was requested to decentralize motor vehicle inspection services, while MINAGRI/RAB was requested to decentralize artificial insemination of cows and small livestock including pigs. Private operators to play a significant role in these services;
- 13. Decentralized national administrative entities were requested to abandon the bad practice of requiring contributions from the citizens when they seek certain services from public institutions;
- 14. MINECOFIN/RSSB, MINISANTE, to regularly provide medical care to new members in their first month of membership without having to wait for three months as was the case;
- 15. MINISANTE was requested to put in place a regular mechanism to build required capacities to be able to treat several diseases locally for which patients are referred for medical treatment abroad;
- 16. MINECOFIN/RSSB was requested to put in place strategies enabling Rwandans working in foreign countries and who want to transfer their social security pension to Rwanda;
- 17. MINAGRI, MINICOM/PSF/RDB were requested to implement adopted strategies for processing and value addition activities to milk production, to promote milk processing factories and to market milk production for cattle farmers of Gicumbi District and elsewhere in the country;
- 18. MINALOC/RGB were requested to put in place strategies to disseminate new activities across the country so as to accelerate development and self-reliance;
- 19. MINICOM/RDB/PSF to conduct a study outlining all Rwanda’s potential tourist destination and attractions and to put in place various mechanisms to promote tourism;
- 20. MINECOFIN, MINICOM and other relevant institutions were requested to put in place guidelines/directives for creation of development funds taking into account the following aspects: • Multiple funds for every arising issue do not add up to a solution; • Create a fund where it is deemed necessary; • Create a fund that can address multiple issues at a time.
- 21. MIFOTRA, WDA, MINICOM/RDB/PSF were requested to : Put in place a short term plan for skills and vocational training; Put in place a plan for youth professional internship; Put in place innovation centres and train the youth on job creation; Strengthen the national job creation program.
- 22. MINIJUST and MINALOC were requested to keep explaining how compensation is paid by those convicted of the crime of genocide against Tutsis;
- 23. MINIJUST, MINISPOC/CNLG, MINALOC/FARG were requested to strengthen research, keep fighting genocide revisionism and trivialization and to further assist genocide survivors in their welfare.
They can be accessed in full here in Kinyarwanda. You can download the resolutions in English here.
9th Umushyikirano | 15-16 December 2011
The 9th National Dialogue Council was held under the theme “Strive for our dignity, together we pitch for rapid development”. Around 1000 people attended the event including leaders from government, representatives from the private sector and Rwandans from all walks of life, including those living abroad. The following presentations were delivered at the event:
- Approaches used by Rwandans to find Home Grown Solutions and self-development by upholding their dignity
- Implementation of the development plan, EDPRS I, and requirements to prepare EDPRS II
- Role of service delivery in speeding up national development and promoting good governance
- Role of education in speeding up sustainable development
From these presentations and the discussions that took place, a total of 27 resolutions were passed. The resolutions fall under four broad categories:
Economic: Eight resolutions were passed that focused on lower land rent prices, especially in rural areas, setting up a solidarity fund (later known as the Agaciro Development Fund), increasing milk production and marketing and looking at how people can access loans through the Hanga Umurino project – an entrepreneurship program.
Good Governance: Eight resolutions were passed that focused on encouraging leaders and the media to be more accountable and not publish inaccurate information, examining how district councils and district executive committees differ in their functions, requiring all members of cabinet and Rwanda’s representatives abroad to sign Imihigo (performance contracts), developing a history of Rwanda curricula for schools and monitoring customer care across the country.
Social Welfare: Nine resolutions were passed that focused on eradicating childhood malnutrition, registering house ownership for genocide survivors, putting in place a mechanism to measure education standards in schools, improving the community based health insurance scheme (Mutuelle de Sante) as well as promoting job creation and speeding up the implementation of the Business Development Fund.
Justice: Two resolutions were passed for ensuring that state and micro-finance institutions funds that were embezzled were returned and filing a law suit against DN International for misappropriating citizens’ money.
The Implementation Report of the 9th National Dialogue Council, which includes the key achievements of the event, can be found here.
8th Umushyikirano | 20-21 December 2010
The 8th National Dialogue Council was held under the theme “Our responsibility is delivering quality service”. Around 950 people attended the event including leaders from government, representatives from the private sector and Rwandans from all walks of life, including those living abroad. Those unable to attend were able to contribute via a toll free hotline, SMS and email. More than 100,000 Rwandans followed the discussions online. The following presentations were delivered at the event:
- Strategies and orientation of the third phase of decentralisation (2011-2015)
- Social cohesion and reconciliation barometer
- The Second Consultative Meeting on the Fight Against Genocide
- Nine Years of Basic Education (9YBE)
- Savings and small and medium scale enterprises
- Housing, reforestation irrigation and land consolidation
- Community based health insurance scheme (Mutuelle de Sante), nutrition, hygiene and sanitation and HIV/AIDS from these presentations and the discussions that took place, a total of 23 resolutions were passed.
The resolutions fall under four broad categories:
Economic: Six resolutions were passed that focused on encouraging people to join Savings and Credit Cooperatives (SACCOs), protecting marshlands and addressing issues related to markets for agricultural and livestock products.
Good Governance: Six resolutions were passed that focused on genocide prevention and caring for genocide survivors, improving the volunteer activities policy, implementing decentralisation as well as preventing corruption and encouraging refugees to repatriate.
Social Welfare: Seven resolutions were passed that focused on increasing teaching in Kinyarwanda, culture and sport, eradicating grass thatched houses, launching the academy of Language and Culture and preparing the 12 Years of Basic Education (12YBE) program.
Justice: Four resolutions were passed that focused on prosecuting economic crimes, reviewing pension schemes and working with foreign countries to extradite genocide perpetrators to Rwanda or have them tried where they are residing.
The Implementation Report of the 8th National Dialogue Council, which includes the key achievements of the event, can be found here. The summary report, including speeches by the President and Prime Minister of Rwanda, can be found here.
7th Umushyikirano | 10-11 December 2009
The 7th National Dialogue Council was held under the theme “Let us do more valuable and sustainable work”. Around 900 people attended the event including leaders from government, representatives from the private sector and Rwandans from all walks of life, including those living abroad. The following topics were discussed at the event:
- The Vision 2020 programme and the Millennium Development Goals
- Streamlining trading activities and customer care service
- Outdated customs hampering development
- Participation of Rwandans living abroad in the country’s development
- Achievements in reconciliation and unity over the past 15 years
- Achievements by the National Service of Gacaca courts
From the discussions that took place, a total of 23 resolutions were passed. The resolutions fall under four broad categories:
Economic: Six resolutions were passed that focused on the TIG (Travaux d'Interêt Général/Community Service) program, the Savings and Credit Cooperatives known as Umurenge SACCO, the Agriculture Guarantee Fund and energy saving stoves.
Good Governance: Five resolutions were passed that focused on improving communication of government development programs to citizens and improving service delivery.
Social Welfare: Five resolutions were passed that focused on the recovery of cows that were wrongly distributed as part of the Girinka program, encouraging community ownership of the Nine Years of Basic Education Program, promoting cultural values that drive development and facilitating Rwandans living abroad to send remittances home more easily.
Justice: Resolutions were passed that focused on returning stolen materials meant for building houses for the vulnerable; working with foreign countries to extradite genocide perpetrators to Rwanda or have them tried where they reside, publishing data on genocide survivors and seizing the property of genocide perpetrators already sentenced by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
The Implementation Report of the 7th National Dialogue Council, which includes key achievements of the event, can be found here. The summary report, including speeches by the President and Prime Minister of Rwanda, can be found here.
6th Umushyikirano | 18-19 December 2008
The 6th National Dialogue Council was attended by 940 people including leaders from government, representatives from the private sector and Rwandans from all walks of life, including those living abroad. From the discussions that took place, a total of 24 resolutions were passed. The resolutions from the event led to the following achievements:
- A National Consultative Council to fight corruption was established 90,000 people participated in the civic education program known as Itorero ry’Igihugu following greater promotion of the program
- The promotion of a culture of saving and debt reduction led to the creation of Savings and Credit Cooperatives (SACCOs) in all 416 sectors across the country with 675,772 members being registered in total
- Awareness raising campaigns to fight genocide ideology and build a common understanding of family planning, grouped settlements, land consolidation and fighting erosion took place
- The One Dollar Campaign raised one billion Rwandan francs to build houses for orphans of the genocide. This was part of a resolution aimed at supporting vulnerable genocide survivors
- A resolution calling for the speeding up of the Nine Years of Basic Education (9YBE) program led to 3000 classrooms being built by communities in collaboration with the Government of Rwanda
The Summary Report of the 6th National Dialogue Council, which includes key achievements of the event, can be found here in Kinyarwanda.
5th Umushyikirano | 27-28 December 2007
The 5th National Dialogue Council was held under the theme “Enhance the national economy even further, as a springboard to adress other problems facing the country ”. Around 940 people attended the event including leaders from government, representatives from the private sector and Rwandans from all walks of life, including those living abroad. At this year’s event, Rwandan ambassadors and representatives of international bodies working in Rwanda were also invited. The following topics were discussed:
- The country’s economic revolution education as the basis for sustainable economic development program to fight genocide ideology and the phasing out of the Gacaca courts
- The contribution of Rwandans livings abroad to the country’s development at the 2007 Umushyikirano, district mayors and the mayor of the City of Kigali presented a summary of their Imihigo (performance contracts) for 2007 as well as their actions plans for 2008.
- The Prime Minister announced that, following assessment of the districts performance, Nyagatare and Musanze cam were the best performers out of the ten evaluated. This was the first time awards were given for the best performing districts under the Imihigo program.
From the discussions that took place, a total of 19 resolutions were passed. The resolutions fall under four broad categories:
Economic: Five resolutions were passed that focused on improving public service working arrangements including increasing staff evaluations, designing structures to increase job creation, encouraging people to get into the workforce and using the TIG (Travaux d'Interêt Général/Community Service) program where possible. Also passed was a resolution to help Rwandans living abroad to contribute to the country’s development by making it easier to send money home and to obtain visas.
Good Governance: Three resolutions were passed that focused on self reliance, implementing action plans, speeding up group settlements in rural areas, improving overall housing quality and including young people in the country’s development.
Social Welfare: Eight resolutions were passed that focused on education and health including: defining criteria for school creation, harmonising school terms with those of East African Community partner states, speeding up the implementation of the Nine Years of Basic Education (9YBE) program, affirming and encouraging birth control and accountable parenthood campaigns. A resolution on finalising a house building scheme for genocide survivors was also passed.
Justice: Three resolutions were passed on expanding the scope of the Gacaca courts to try cases of suspects under the first category of committing genocide, appointing commissioners to the National Commission for the fight against Genocide and encouraging Rwandans abroad to help bringing genocide suspects to justice in the countries where they reside. The Summary Report of the 5th National Dialogue Council, which includes an overview of the President’s remarks as well as the resolutions from the event, can be found here.
4th Umushyikirano | 18-19 December 2006
The 4th National Dialogue Council was attending by 800 participants from government, members of parliament, civil society, the private sector and Rwandans from all walks of life, including those living abroad. The following topics were discussed at the event:
- Approving the report from the 3rd National Dialogue Council (Umushyikirano)
- The role of the leaders’ accountability in regards to the Gacaca process
- Assessing the country’s progress in the area of unity and reconciliation and identifying the major challenges
- Reviewing districts’ Imihigo (performance contracts) for 2006 and signing contracts for 2007
- The implementation of Vision 2020 – especially relating to high population growth and resulting environmental pressures.
The Summary Report of the 4th National Dialogue Council, which includes an overview of the President’s remarks as well as the resolutions from the event, can be found here in Kinyarwanda.
3rd Umushyikirano | 13-14 December 2005
The 3rd National Dialogue Council was attended by around 860 people including leaders from government, representatives from the private sector and civil society as well as Rwandans from all walks of life including those living abroad. The following topics were discussed at the event:
- Promoting knowledge based decision making using clear social and economic indicators
- Strengthening government reforms
- Fast tracking the processing of genocide cases using Gacaca courts
- Finding effective ways to support the country’s most vulnerable people good governance as an effective tool for sustainable development
- Improving awareness of government programs to accelerate development
The Implementation Report of the 3rd National Dialogue Council, which includes the key achievements of the event, can be found here in Kinyarwanda.
2nd Umushyikirano | 21-22 December 2004
The 2th National Dialogue Council was attended by around 800 people including leaders from government, representatives from the private sector and Rwandans from all walks of life, including those living abroad. The focus of the event was good governance and how leaders across government could more effectively instil a culture of accountability and performance. Genocide ideology prevention was also discussed.
The Implementation Report of the 2nd National Dialogue Council, which includes the key achievements of the event, can be found here in kInyarwanda. The Summary Report of the 2nd National Dialogue Council, which includes an overview of the President’s remarks as well as the resolutions from the event, can be found here in Kinyarwanda.
1st Umushyikirano | 28 June 2003
The first National Dialogue Council was a one day event and was attended by members of the local and central government, parliament as well as civil society. The following topics were discussed at the event:
- The role of local government in development
- The status of unity and reconciliation in the context of a multiparty political system
- The role of leadership in facilitating democratic elections rwanda’s vision for sustainable development
The Summary Report of the 1st National Dialogue Council, which includes an overview of the President’s remarks as well as the resolutions from the event, can be found here in Kinyarwanda.