• Conseil Supérieur du Pays | Mise au Point | Février 1957
    Conseil Supérieur du Pays | Mise au Point | Février 1957 In this document, the High Council of the Country denounced social injustices of colonial system. Its publication marked the end of the relationship between the colonial system and the administration led by the Mwami | Language: French
    • Last Modified: 17 July 2014    |    Size: 117 KB
  • A copy of Ibuku
    A copy of Ibuku Ibuku is the first identification document introduced by the colonial administration in 1933 in Rwanda.
    • Last Modified: 2 May 2014    |    Size: 500 KB
  • Gen Dallaire's cables on meetings with an informant about arms caches and preparation of genocide
    Gen Dallaire's cables on meetings with an informant about arms caches and preparation of genocide This is a compilation of cables by General Roméo Dallaires on meetings with an informant, Jean Claude Turatsinze, a top level pro-regime militia trainer, in which he provides details on arms caches and other preparations of the genocide by the regime.
    • Last Modified: 13 May 2014    |    Size: 2 MB
  • Genocide remembrance themes from 1995 to 2014
    Genocide remembrance themes from 1995 to 2014 Themes and venues for past Genocide national commeration Language: Kinyarwanda
    • Last Modified: 5 May 2014    |    Size: 314 KB
  • History of Rwanda, from origins to the end of the XXth century
    History of Rwanda, from origins to the end of the XXth century Original title in French: "Histoire du Rwanda, des Origines à la fin du XXè Siècle"
    • Last Modified: 25 April 2014    |    Size: 26 MB
  • "Lent letter" of Bishop André Perraudin | 11 Feb 1959 Original title: "Lettre pastorale de Monseigneur Perraudin, Vicaire Apostolique de Kabgayi, pour le carême de 1959 | In this letter, Bishop André Perraudin outlines the support of the Catholic church for the legitimisation of ethnic divisions in Rwanda. The letter was circulated in all churches countrywide
    • Last Modified: 28 April 2014    |    Size: 3 MB
  • Manifeste des Bahutu du 24 Mars 1957
    Manifeste des Bahutu du 24 Mars 1957 Original title: "Note sur l'aspect social du problème racial indigène au Ruanda" | A group of nine Hutu political leader drafted this document in which they accused the Tutsi of monopolising power and holding them responsible for the injustices and social inequalities of the time. It is an important document in the history of Rwanda | iLanguage: French
    • Last Modified: 28 April 2014    |    Size: 580 KB
  • General Roméo Dallaire's fax requesting for informant protection | 11 Jan 1994
    General Roméo Dallaire's fax requesting for informant protection | 11 Jan 1994 Notorious known as the “genocide fax”, Gen. Dallaire warns UN peacekeeping officials of the existence of arms caches, a plot to assassinate Belgian UN peacekeepers and Rwandan members of parliament, and the existence of lists of Tutsis to be killed
    • Last Modified: 2 May 2014    |    Size: 89 KB
  • Rwanda Genocide Machetes Imports
    Rwanda Genocide Machetes Imports This is an extract from Linda Melvern's book, which is based on years of research and numerous previously unpublished documents. It also goes into the fine detail of planning for the genocide. After combing through bank archives and government documents she reveals that in 1993, the government of Rwanda imported, from China, three quarters of a million dollars worth of machetes. This was enough for one new machete for every third male. Machetes were used for many of the murders committed during the genocide. The details of pre-genocide arms imports from Egypt and France are also given, as is the extent of French military cooperation with the parts of the Rwandan army most responsible for the genocide. Title: 'A People Betrayed: The Role of the West in Rwandan Genocide' Author: Linda Melvern Page: 65 Publication date: 18 November 2000
    • Last Modified: 12 May 2014    |    Size: 321 KB
  • The Discovery of the Source of the Nile | John Hanning Speke
    The Discovery of the Source of the Nile | John Hanning Speke John Hanning Speke (4 May 1827 – 15 September 1864) was an officer in the British army. He made three exploratory expeditions to Africa and is most associated with the search for the source of the Nile and the discovery and naming of Lake Victoria in Uganda. He is also known for propounding the Hamitic hypothesis in which he supposed that the Tutsi ethnic group were descendants of the biblical figure, Ham, and had lighter skin and more “European” features than the Bantu-featured Hutu over whom they ruled | Courtesy of Project Gutenberg
    • Last Modified: 2 May 2014    |    Size: 2 MB
  • UN response to General Dallaire's fax | 11 Jan 1994
    UN response to General Dallaire's fax | 11 Jan 1994 A response to General Roméo Dallaire's sent on 11 January 1994, in which he was informing the UN Headquarters of the existence of arms caches, a plot to assassinate Belgian UN peacekeepers and the existence of lists of Tutsis to be killed. He requested protection for his informant as well as seizure of the arms caches. As seen in this cable, his request is turned down, citing the limited mandate of the mission. Dallaire is advised to discuss the information with the President of the republic, and inform Ambassadors of Belgium, France and the United States.
    • Last Modified: 13 May 2014    |    Size: 58 KB
  • US Department of Defense refusal of jamming hate radio RTLM | 5 May 2014
    US Department of Defense refusal of jamming hate radio RTLM | 5 May 2014 In this memo, Frank Wisner, the number three official at the Pentagon, acknowledges internal discussions about the feasibility of countering the hate radio RTLM. He replies to Sandy Berger, the deputy to National Security Adviser Tony Lake, that undertaking the initiative to “jam” the radio would be “ineffective and expensive”; a “wiser” activity would be to assist the “relief effort”.
    • Last Modified: 2 May 2014    |    Size: 41 KB
  • US Department of State cable urging UNAMIR withdrawal | 15 April 2014
    US Department of State cable urging UNAMIR withdrawal | 15 April 2014 This telegram forwards Department of State guidance to the US Mission to the UN in New York instructing US diplomats there that “the international community must give highest priority to full, orderly withdrawal of all UNAMIR personnel as soon as possible.” April 15 was the first of two days of UN Security Council debate on next steps in Rwanda—for which the Rwandan ambassador was present and about which he reported back to the interim government in Rwanda. Over that same weekend, aware the UN Security Council was in retreat, the interim Council of Ministers, the genocide’s architects, met in Kigali and decided to take the program of extermination to the rest of the country.
    • Last Modified: 2 May 2014    |    Size: 181 KB
  • US Department of State internal discussion on possible acts of genocide in Rwanda | 20May1994
    US Department of State internal discussion on possible acts of genocide in Rwanda | 20May1994 The internal debate over whether genocide was occurring in Rwanda in 1994 and US officials’ use of the term. While on June 10 Secretary of State Warren Christopher finally publicly called the Rwandan slaughter “genocide”, on May 21 he had authorized Department officials—“in light of the stark facts in Rwanda”—to use the formulation “acts of genocide have occurred”. Interestingly, the principal officials here find no legal obligation in the use of either formulation; but in avoiding use of the “genocide label”, US “credibility will be undermined with human rights groups and the general public”.
    • Last Modified: 2 May 2014    |    Size: 197 KB
  • US Department of State legal analysis on the use of term genocide for Rwanda
    US Department of State legal analysis on the use of term genocide for Rwanda The assistant legal adviser to Secretary of State Christopher finds in this legal analysis that there is “little question” that genocidal acts have occurred in Rwanda; finds that “most of those killed in Rwanda have been Tutsi civilians”; and finds that “acts have apparently been committed with the requisite intent to destroy, in whole or in part, the Tutsi group”. She also argues that ascertaining an accurate figure for numbers of deaths “is not critical to this analysis” that genocide has occurred.
    • Last Modified: 2 May 2014    |    Size: 132 KB

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